Possessing a rich range of cannabinoids such as THC and CBD among others, cannabis has long been used in traditional medicine to treat fertility and reproductive diseases. Scientists are just beginning to highlight the importance of the endocannabinoid system in the biological mechanisms that control these fundamental functions. 

Effects on ovulation

Several studies have been conducted to understand the link between the endocannabinoid system and the female reproductive cycle. So,the results demonstrated that anandamide levels varied dramatically during the menstrual cycle.

However, studies in the 1980s suggest that THC can block ovulation. Because,THC suppresses the production of a critical hormone in the ovulation process.

Reduce the pain of menstrual cramps

In fact, in many cultures around the world, cannabis is a remedy useable in traditional herbalism to relieve menstrual cramps. For instance, the English queen Victoria herself would have used cannabis to relieve her menstrual cramps. In addition to this, THC and CBD have the power to reduce inflammation, which could contribute to the subjective reduction of discomfort.

Suppression of hormone production during the premenstrual phase

During the premenstrual phase ( the luteal phase), hormonal fluctuations cause a range of symptoms including: pain, mood swings, fatigue, and swelling. Besides, progesterone level increase significantly during this phase .

And indeed, CBD provides countless women with subjective relief during the premenstrual phase, especially,the anti-anxiety and relaxing effects .

Could shorten the menstrual cycle

A 1986 study looking at the effects of THC on a luteinizing hormone found a generally shorter duration of the menstrual cycle in women who use cannabis compared to those who were given a placebo.

Thus, research must continue to determine, with some certainty, whether cannabis shortens the length of the menstrual cycle in women, and how.

Could affect embryo implantation in the uterus

Several studies examined the influence of the endocannabinoid system on early pregnancy.

Consequently,they found that anandamide levels were at their lowest during the nesting period (a brief window during which the embryo can successfully implant in the uterine lining, which usually lasts 3 days and begins 6 to 9 days after ovulation).

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