Terp sauce, also known as weed sauce, is a new form of cannabis concentrate. Going beyond the prowess of live resin, an extraction made from just harvested plants with incredible aromas, the sauce manages to capture even more terpenes.
It started as live resin
It’s quite easy to confuse live resin with sauce, and marks don’t help to make the distinction. The appearance of the two is similar: like crystals dipped in syrup. But the difference lies in its content: live resin is not a full spectrum extraction, but rather HTE (High Terpene Extract).
The first company to publish its lab results proving that its extraction contained a full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes was Extractioneering, which also coined the term “Full Spectrum Extracts”. The exact recipe for their extractions is not known, but live resin is not a step in their process according to their statements.
Full Spectrum Extracts
Full-spectrum extractions contain the widest range of potentially therapeutic biomolecules, obtained from the plant’s trichomes, which contain the cannabinoids and terpenes, and without the non-therapeutic molecules (fats and other lipids).
Extraction manufacturers often focus on a particular cannabinoid, such as THC or CBD. However, research has shown that cannabinoids interact with terpenes, in a combination called the entourage effect, and produce more therapeutic effects when they are combined. This has led to increased interest in full-spectrum extractions across the Atlantic.
There are also two forms of full-spectrum extractions: HTFSE and HCFSE. The former is more loaded with terpenes, the latter with cannabinoids, and the two look different.
HTFSE: High Terpene Full Spectrum Extract
According to the inventors of the HTFSE, it can only be obtained from dry or cured material. Other companies claim to make it from fresh and barely frozen plants, and therefore from live resin, but the latter often contains only one or two monoterpenes and not a full spectrum.
The HTFSE must contain at least 13% terpenes and no more than 30% for taste reasons and between 45 and 70% cannabinoids. Its texture resembles liquid gold.
HCFSE: High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extract
HCFSE also looks like liquid gold, but with small white and yellow diamonds inside, which are THCa crystals. It contains at least 90% THC + THCa.
Why this hype around extractions?
While some countries are still struggling to see cannabis as a mainstream product, the United States has taken the lead over more qualitative rather than quantitative consumption (one does not prevent the other).
Consumers used to the products, and often with means, are now moving towards healthier methods of consumption. This race for quality extracts is the result, with new extraction or maturation methods that give textures and aromas, each one crazier than the other. They are then consumed in dab or pen, two methods of vaporization, or integrated into edibles, where cooks can play with the textures, colors, and tastes of the sauces, proud successors of Escoffier.