Thanks to advances in research on the Cannabis plant and its therapeutic use, we are discovering more and more active ingredients present in this plant whose functions are still poorly studied. Several studies shows that at equal doses of cannabinoids. The effects produced by the administration of pure cannabinoids are different from those produced by the administration of complete plant extracts. This leads us to the conclusion that the cannabis plant contains other active ingredients that have pharmacological effects and act synergistically and/or synergistically with cannabinoids. The two groups encountered so far are terpenes and flavonoids.
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are aromatic organic components present in all types of vegetation. Moreover they are important in many biotic interactions . As they performing primary functions such as protection against various factors such as high temperatures, insects or herbivorous predators. They exist and are part of chlorophyll and some carotenoid pigments.
The functions of terpenes at the plant level are variable. Terpenes, for example, are responsible for highly specialized processes that ensure that plants have protection over the elements that surround them. Between its functions, they focus on coloring, act as a repellent and aromatization that facilitates plant pollination.
Terpenes in cannabis
The terpenes in the cannabis plant present in the resin. Thanks to them, the several types of plants have characteristic odors that vary depending on the terpenes already present. In Addition ,they allow protection to the plant against high heat. Also, due to the viscosity of its resin, it can catch insects or maintain the plant’s moisture.
Within terpenes, we find the majority of monoterpenes in cannabis to list: Pinene, Myrcene, Limonene, Linalool, and Eucalyptol. Like sesquiterpenes, we have Caryophyllene present in all cannabis varieties.
The effects of Terpenes on humans
Similar to, cannabinoids, terpenes have several effects on human beings. Famous as essential oils, they are currently used for aromatherapy. So,aromatherapy allows several therapeutic benefits that have been attributed to it by several plants. Aromatherapy allows you to experience relaxing, stimulating or aphrodisiac effects on patients.
Main therapeutic effects :
- Sedative, hypnotic and muscle relaxant