Alpha and beta-pinene are the terpenes that give your weed that earthy, pine scent, but they hide much more than we think.
Alpha and beta-pinene terpenes are the next to our Terpene Presentation. As you know, terpenes are the most important components of cannabis after the famous cannabinoids. They not only give weed and other plants their characteristic smell, but they also have great medicinal benefits and work together in synergy with all the other elements of cannabis. In the case of pinene, its smell is that of a fresh, earthy pine forest.
The unmistakable aroma of pinene is found in various plants around the world. Indeed, alpha-pinene is one of the most popular terpenes in nature. Pinene is found in pine needles, conifers, orange peel, turpentine, rosemary, basil, dill, and parsley. To distinguish between the two pinenes: alpha-pinene smells like pine needles or rosemary while beta-pinene has a smell reminiscent of dill, parsley, basil, or hops.
In the varieties
Cannabis strains known to have a rich concentration of pinene are Jack Herer, Dutch Treat, OG Kush, Blue Dream, ChemDawg, Trainwreck, Romulan, Island Sweet Skunk, Strawberry Cough, and Bubba Kush. In many of these varieties the pine scent dominates the whole smell, but it is sometimes hidden behind other aromas but always present.
Science shows that it is especially alpha-pinene which is one of the most powerful terpenes with promising properties. Researchers have found that pinene helps to counteract some of the negative effects of THC such as short-term memory loss or anxiety. It also helps maintain alertness, concentration, and energy, but this can be compounded by the sedative myrcene in some varieties.
Many of the powers of pinene come from its ability to cross the blood-brain barrier. Pinene has some encouraging characteristics that still need to be further studied. The possibility of being a useful element in cancer treatment is especially something that deserves further research. But remember – promising medicinal values often come from the so-called entourage effect. All the different components of the cannabis act synergistically to have such strength and health benefits. Also, one thing that future studies should focus more on is the difference between alpha and beta-pinene. Because when we talk about terpene pinene in cannabis, we are talking almost exclusively about alpha-pinene.