Cannabidiol is among the numerous chemical compounds present in the hemp plant. In recent years, CBD has become a popular topic of discussion in the wellness and fitness world for its ability to help with a range of different ailments. Medical research has found that CBD can be used to treat pain and reduce inflammation. It has also been shown to have various positive effects on mental health issues like anxiety and depression.
This compound is often touted as an effective alternative to conventional medications and treatments. It’s being used more and more by people who are looking for a natural option for painkillers and prescription drugs. That being said, it’s essential to understand what CBD is, how it makes you feel, and how it is different from THC, and some of the potential side effects associated with it.
What is CBD?
It is a naturally occurring component of the industrial hemp/cannabis plant. CBD is considered a “phytocannabinoid,” which means it belongs to a class of molecules that interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. It is a non-psychotropic compound that has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, anti-spasmodic and neuroprotective effects.
Does CBD make you feel high?
CBD does not make you feel high. It is a non-psychoactive chemical composite found in the cannabis plant, and it doesn’t interact with the same receptors as Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound in marijuana. In fact, its non-psychoactive properties make it a preferred alternative to prescription and over-the-counter drugs.
CBD VS THC- the difference
Cannabis has been used for medicinal and recreational purposes for years, but it wasn’t until recently that scientific research uncovered the endocannabinoid system.
The plant is composed of over 120 different components, which are known as cannabinoids. The two most widely used cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Cannabidiol (CBD), a naturally occurring compound in cannabis, is one of many cannabinoids known to provide relief to people suffering from anxiety, inflammation, and other chronic conditions. CBD is a non-psychoactive component of the cannabis plant, meaning it does not have any mind-altering effects. In contrast, Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC for short, is responsible for the high that users experience from smoking marijuana.
Types of CBD
CBD is extracted using various methods, and the compound is available in a crystal form that humans cannot use as it is. Thus after the extraction process is complete, it is manufactured into different CBD products to make it consumable to deliver cannabidiol to the body effectively. Which medium you use impacts the compound’s strength and its effects. Here is the list of the main types:
Oils and tinctures
CBD oil is commonly made by blending cannabidiol extracts which are extracted using the CO2 extraction method with an inactive carrier oil. Various other plant’s natural chemical compounds, such as flavonoids and terpenes, are often present in these oils. Some companies may add other essential oils in the mix as a flavoring. Whereas CBD tinctures are extracted using the solvent-based extraction method. As a solvent, high-proof alcohol is often used. Due to the presence of high alcohol content, CBD tinctures tend to have a bitter taste that manufacturers often mask by mixing it with various additives like vegetable glycerin (VG) and sweeteners.
Capsules and pills
CBD capsules and pills are an easy way to get the benefits of CBD. They’re discreet enough to be taken anywhere; all you have to do is swallow them. Since cannabidiol oil is a thick, oily substance that doesn’t taste great, some people prefer taking CBD pills instead. These are made by extracting CBD oil from the cannabis plant and filling it into a gelatin capsule. Unlike tinctures, where the CBD oil is diluted in a carrier oil, capsules are meant to be taken directly.
CBD vape additives are a new class of products that are designed to be added to regular e-liquids. You can also buy pre-made e-liquids that already contain CBD. These can be used in both e-cigarettes and vape pens and come in various flavors and strengths.
Cannabidiol edibles are food products infused with CBD oil or CBD-rich hemp oil. These edibles come in many different forms, including candies, gummies, and baked goods. When you eat CBD edibles, it takes a little longer for the CBD to enter your bloodstream and take effect.
How does CBD make you feel?- Depends on the Type!
Different people can have very distinct reactions to the same CBD product. CBD is non-psychoactive and does not produce a high. In fact, it exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential. Also, the effects of CBD can vary depending on the type of product you use. For example, edibles or ingestible products like oils or tinctures may take a few hours to kick in, while inhalable products like CBD vape juice or CBD e-liquids are absorbed into your system almost instantly.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
Although there’s no substantive taxonomical distinction between these two types of cannabis plants, hemp is a term often used to describe a plant that does not contain more than 0.3% THC. This is why, when people talk about marijuana, they usually mean plants containing more than 0.3% THC or the stuff that gets you high. Cannabidiol is a chemical composite that is found in varying amounts in nearly all cannabis plants and extracted from both types: hemp and marijuana. However, you can only consume CBD products that are derived from hemp as that is the only type legal according to federal legislation.
Full Spectrum vs. Broad Spectrum
Full-spectrum CBD is a mixture of all chemical compounds found in the hemp plant. So there is also THC present but not more than 0.3% which is the legally allowed limit. However, in places where marijuana is legal, you can find full-spectrum products with higher THC levels. In contrast, broad-spectrum products are the same, with one main difference that they do not contain THC at all.
Both full and broad-spectrum CBD provides the user with an entourage effect; you feel the effects of all compounds blended together, which is said to improve the overall experience. These products are widely consumed to maximize the benefits. While certainly more effective and potent than CBD isolates, some may find that too much consumption of full-spectrum products can lead to a “high” effect due to the presence of THC in them.
A cannabidiol isolate is one of the purest forms of cannabidiol (CBD) on the market. It’s made by separating the CBD from other compounds found in cannabis plants. This type is popular among those who do not want to consume anything other than 100% pure CBD. CBD isolate is often available in powder form, meaning it can be blended with other ingredients for use.
Benefits of CBD
CBD is still a relatively new addition to the wellness world, but it’s exploding in popularity due to its wide range of benefits, including:
Relieving symptoms of depression and anxiety
CBD helps with depression and anxiety by increasing serotonin levels and supporting the body’s endocannabinoid system. This system plays a huge role in how we experience emotions. CBD also affects other receptors in the brain, including opioid receptors. Plus, it has been shown to decrease the level of cortisol present in the bloodstream. Cortisol is a hormone produced by the adrenal gland that is released in response to stress.
Reduced pain and inflammation
Our endocannabinoid system is in charge of regulating many of our body’s functions, including pain and inflammation. When we experience trauma or injury, the body releases endocannabinoids to stimulate neuro-transmitters and promote healing. CBD mimics the effects of endocannabinoids by binding to the same receptors in our bodies. It does this by communicating with receptors in the brain and those throughout the nervous system and the rest of the body.
Studies have shown that CBD works by inhibiting the activity of the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the brain and the gut. These receptors are responsible for reducing nausea, vomiting, and pain. CBD has been known to reduce nausea and, in some cases, has been shown to completely eliminate nausea and vomiting in cancer patients being treated with chemotherapy.
CBD affects certain receptors in the brain and body, known as cannabinoid receptors. These receptors are responsible for controlling the body’s homeostasis, or general state of balance, impacting factors such as mood, pain, appetite, immune response, and hormone regulation. By affecting these receptors, CBD can relieve pain and anxiety and make someone feel calm and relaxed.
Increased focus and better sleep
CBD interacts with the neurotransmitter dopamine to increase focus and attention span. When the CB1 receptors in our brain detect CBD, they send healthy signals to maintain a healthy dopamine level — a prerequisite for a sharp mind and clear thoughts. Some of the most common benefits of using CBD are improving memory retention, ability to focus, and concentration. Similarly, CBD can help reduce cortisol levels in your body. Cortisol — also known as the “stress hormone” — usually peaks during the day, but in some people, it peaks at night, leading to trouble sleeping.
Potential side effects of CBD
There is a slight chance that some people may suffer side effects from consuming CBD. However, these reactions vary in severity and type depending on the person. Here are some of the common ones:
CBD binds with cannabinoid receptors in the stomach and reduces nausea, heartburn, and other symptoms commonly caused by overeating or eating food too quickly. However, if you experience diarrhea or other gastrointestinal symptoms after taking CBD, it could be from something besides the CBD compound itself. That’s why it’s essential to check the ingredients panel and look for added sweeteners, flavorings, colorants, and other ingredients that could be causing your issue.
Usually, it is a common side effect of consuming THC, but CBD can also cause dry mouth as some studies suggest the compound might interfere with saliva production. However, if you stay hydrated, you’re least likely to experience such effects.
If you take CBD during the daytime, it’s unlikely to make you feel tired. Since melatonin production doesn’t start until after the evening, taking CBD in the evening can cause you to feel sleepy and tired as your body is already preparing for rest.
CBD has been linked to weight reduction, and people fighting obesity see it as an excellent way to trigger weight loss, as it boosts metabolism and enables browning of fat cells. That means for some people, CBD may indeed be an appetite inhibitor. On the other hand, some studies have also shown that CBD leads to increased appetite, so it depends on the person.
Is CBD safe?
Yes, CBD is safe. However, the main concern is that CBD is traded as a dietary supplement, not a regulated medicine. Since the FDA does not control supplements, you need to carefully choose the brands you buy, as some manufacturers might mislabel their products, and you might not know what exactly you are consuming.
Cannabidiol is a chemical compound that is non-psychoactive and derived from the cannabis plant. Unlike THC, it does not cause a high when consumed. It has been proven to help combat ailments like anxiety and depression, inflammation, pain, acne, epilepsy, and more.
There are many different types of cannabidiol on the market, so it’s important to know what kind of CBD product you’re using and its effect. CBD can be consumed through a range of different methods. You can take it in oil or capsule form, eat CBD-infused edibles, apply CBD topically, or even use a CBD vape pen or e-juice.
If you are taking CBD for its therapeutic benefits, it’s essential to take the recommended dosage and only buy from reputable manufacturers and brands to minimize the chances of experiencing any side effects.